Published on in Vol 22, No 10 (2020): October

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published .
The Effectiveness of Artificial Intelligence Conversational Agents in Health Care: Systematic Review

The Effectiveness of Artificial Intelligence Conversational Agents in Health Care: Systematic Review

The Effectiveness of Artificial Intelligence Conversational Agents in Health Care: Systematic Review


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  121. Plitman E, Kim E, Patel R, Kohout S, Jin R, Chan V, Dinsmore M. Development of an Automated and Scalable Virtual Assistant to Aid in PPE Adherence: A Study with Implications for Applications within Anesthesiology. Journal of Medical Systems 2023;48(1) View
  122. Ma Y, Achiche S, Pomey M, Paquette J, Adjtoutah N, Vicente S, Engler K, Laymouna M, Lessard D, Lemire B, Asselah J, Therrien R, Osmanlliu E, Zawati M, Joly Y, Lebouché B. Adapting and Evaluating an AI-Based Chatbot Through Patient and Stakeholder Engagement to Provide Information for Different Health Conditions: Master Protocol for an Adaptive Platform Trial (the MARVIN Chatbots Study). JMIR Research Protocols 2024;13:e54668 View
  123. Allen C, Neil G, Halbert C, Sterba K, Nietert P, Welch B, Lenert L. Barriers and facilitators to the implementation of family cancer history collection tools in oncology clinical practices. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 2024;31(3):631 View
  124. Lim W, Custodio R, Sunga M, Amoranto A, Sarmiento R. General Characteristics and Design Taxonomy of Chatbots for COVID-19: Systematic Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2024;26:e43112 View
  125. Al‐Anezi F. Exploring the use of ChatGPT as a virtual health coach for chronic disease management. Learning Health Systems 2024 View
  126. Yasukawa S, Tanaka T, Yamane K, Kano R, Sakata M, Noma H, Furukawa T, Kishimoto T. A chatbot to improve adherence to internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy among workers with subthreshold depression: a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Mental Health 2024;27(1):e300881 View
  127. Ni Z, Peng M, Balakrishnan V, Tee V, Azwa I, Saifi R, Nelson L, Vlahov D, Altice F. Implementation of Chatbot Technology in Health Care: Protocol for a Bibliometric Analysis. JMIR Research Protocols 2024;13:e54349 View
  128. Ye C, Zweck E, Ma Z, Smith J, Katz S. Doctor Versus Artificial Intelligence: Patient and Physician Evaluation of Large Language Model Responses to Rheumatology Patient Questions in a Cross‐Sectional Study. Arthritis & Rheumatology 2024;76(3):479 View
  129. Cuciniello M, Amorese T, Greco C, Carrión Z, Vogel C, Cordasco G, Esposito A. Cultural Differences in the Assessment of Synthetic Voices. International Journal of Neural Systems 2024;34(02) View
  130. Andrew A. Potential applications and implications of large language models in primary care. Family Medicine and Community Health 2024;12(Suppl 1):e002602 View
  131. Gopalakrishnan A, Gururajan R, Zhou X, Venkataraman R, Chan K, Higgins N. A survey of autonomous monitoring systems in mental health. WIREs Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery 2024;14(3) View
  132. Faruk L, Babakerkhell M, Mongkolnam P, Chongsuphajaisiddhi V, Funilkul S, Pal D. A Review of Subjective Scales Measuring the User Experience of Voice Assistants. IEEE Access 2024;12:14893 View
  133. Yu P, Fang C, Liu X, Fu W, Ling J, Yan Z, Jiang Y, Cao Z, Wu M, Chen Z, Zhu W, Zhang Y, Abudukeremu A, Wang Y, Liu X, Wang J. Performance of ChatGPT on the Chinese Postgraduate Examination for Clinical Medicine: Survey Study. JMIR Medical Education 2024;10:e48514 View
  134. Singh T, Truong M, Roberts K, Myneni S. Sequencing conversational turns in peer interactions: An integrated approach for evidence-based conversational agent for just-in-time nicotine cravings intervention. DIGITAL HEALTH 2024;10 View
  135. O'Connell J, Gilmartin E, Roche D, Rogers S. Conversational Artificial Intelligence: the interface with the Patient Concerns Inventory. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2024 View
  136. Chou Y, Lin C, Lee S, Lee Y, Cheng L. User-Friendly Chatbot to Mitigate the Psychological Stress of Older Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Development and Usability Study. JMIR Formative Research 2024;8:e49462 View
  137. MacNeill A, MacNeill L, Yi S, Goudreau A, Luke A, Doucet S. Depiction of conversational agents as health professionals: a scoping review. JBI Evidence Synthesis 2024;22(5):831 View
  138. Araji T, Brooks A. Evaluating The Role of ChatGPT as a Study Aid in Medical Education in Surgery. Journal of Surgical Education 2024;81(5):753 View
  139. Anisha S, Sen A, Bain C. Evaluating the Potential and Pitfalls of AI-Powered Conversational Agents as Human-like Virtual Health Carers in the Remote Management of Non-Communicable Diseases: A Scoping Review (Preprint). Journal of Medical Internet Research 2024 View
  140. Peña-Cáceres O, Tavara-Ramos A, Correa-Calle T, More-More M. WhatsApp-Based Cloud Service Chatbot Application for Emergencies or Disasters. Journal of Advances in Information Technology 2024;15(3):435 View
  141. Warrier A, Singh R, Haleem A, Zaki H, Eloy J. The Comparative Diagnostic Capability of Large Language Models in Otolaryngology. The Laryngoscope 2024 View
  142. Aljamaan F, Malki K, Alhasan K, Jamal A, Altamimi I, Khayat A, Alhaboob A, Abdulmajeed N, Alshahrani F, Saad K, Al-Eyadhy A, Al-Tawfiq J, Temsah M. ChatGPT-3.5 System Usability Scale early assessment among Healthcare Workers: Horizons of adoption in medical practice. Heliyon 2024;10(7):e28962 View
  143. Cevasco K, Morrison Brown R, Woldeselassie R, Kaplan S. Patient Engagement with Conversational Agents in Health Applications 2016–2022: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Medical Systems 2024;48(1) View
  144. Allan P, Knight M, Evans R, Narayanan A. Artificial intelligence is poised to usher in a paradigm shift in surgery: application of ChatGPT in Aotearoa New Zealand and Australia. ANZ Journal of Surgery 2024 View
  145. Liu J, Ito S, Ngo T, Lawate A, Ong Q, Fox T, Chang S, Phung D, Nair E, Palaiyan M, Joty S, Abisheganaden J, Lee C, Lwin M, Theng Y, Ho M, Chia M, Bojic I, Car J. A pilot randomised controlled trial exploring the feasibility and efficacy of a human-AI sleep coaching model for improving sleep among university students. DIGITAL HEALTH 2024;10 View
  146. Laymouna M, Ma Y, Lessard D, Schuster T, Engler K, Lebouché B. Roles, Users, Benefits and Limitations of Chatbots in Healthcare: A Rapid Review (Preprint). Journal of Medical Internet Research 2024 View
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  148. Vinarti R, Sani N, Anggraeni W, Tyasnurita R, Muklason A, Amalia R, Fahlevi R, Suryaputra E, Azizah I, Kesuma B. I-Mun: A Reminder System and a Chatbot for Information of Immunization under 2 Years. Procedia Computer Science 2024;234:1722 View
  149. Cary M, De Gagne J, Kauschinger E, Carter B. Advancing Health Equity Through Artificial Intelligence: An Educational Framework for Preparing Nurses in Clinical Practice and Research. Creative Nursing 2024;30(2):154 View
  150. Nadarzynski T, Knights N, Husbands D, Graham C, Llewellyn C, Buchanan T, Montgomery I, Ridge D, Silva J. Achieving health equity through conversational AI: A roadmap for design and implementation of inclusive chatbots in healthcare. PLOS Digital Health 2024;3(5):e0000492 View

Books/Policy Documents

  1. Liu C, Zhang B, Peng G. Distributed, Ambient and Pervasive Interactions. View
  2. Gantwerker E, Allen L, Hay M. Clinical Education for the Health Professions. View
  3. Chhabra S. Handbook of Research on Digital Transformation Management and Tools. View
  4. Leeuwis L, He L. Chatbot Research and Design. View
  5. Buckeridge D. Intelligent Systems in Medicine and Health. View
  6. Tavares D, Lopes A, Castro C, Maia G, Leite L, Quintas M. Handbook of Research on Instructional Technologies in Health Education and Allied Disciplines. View
  7. Gwynne M. Chronic Illness Care. View
  8. Stević I, Vukmirović D, Vujović V, Marinković V. Innovation in Medicine and Healthcare. View
  9. Barua R, Datta S, Sarkar A. Contemporary Applications of Data Fusion for Advanced Healthcare Informatics. View
  10. Magalhães R, Marcondes F, Durães D, Novais P. Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning – IDEAL 2023. View
  11. Gantwerker E, Allen L, Hay M. Clinical Education for the Health Professions. View
  12. Larsen M, Vo L, Pratap A, Peters D. Tasman’s Psychiatry. View
  13. Lal M, Neduncheliyan S. Design in the Era of Industry 4.0, Volume 1. View
  14. Khan M. Robotics in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. View
  15. Garg R, Gupta A. Advances in Data-Driven Computing and Intelligent Systems. View
  16. Pani B, Crawford J, Allen K. Applications of Generative AI. View
  17. Salles A, Wajnerman-Paz A. . View