Published on in Vol 24 , No 1 (2022) :January

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at https://preprints.jmir.org/preprint/25440, first published .
Understanding the Nature of Metadata: Systematic Review

Understanding the Nature of Metadata: Systematic Review

Understanding the Nature of Metadata: Systematic Review

Hannes Ulrich 1, 2 , MSc ;   Ann-Kristin Kock-Schoppenhauer 1 , MSc ;   Noemi Deppenwiese 3 , MSc ;   Robert Gött 4 , MSc ;   Jori Kern 5, 6 , BSc ;   Martin Lablans 5, 6 , PhD ;   Raphael W Majeed 7, 8 , MSc ;   Mark R Stöhr 7 ;   Jürgen Stausberg 9 , MD ;   Julian Varghese 10 , MSc, MD ;   Martin Dugas 11 , MSc, MD ;   Josef Ingenerf 1, 2 , PhD

1 IT Center for Clinical Research , University of Lübeck , Lübeck , DE

2 Institute of Medical Informatics , University of Lübeck , Lübeck , DE

3 Chair of Medical Informatics , Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg , Erlangen , DE

4 Department Epidemiology of Health Care and Community Health, Institute for Community Medicine , University Medicine Greifswald , Greifswald , DE

5 Federated Information Systems , German Cancer Research Center , Heidelberg , DE

6 Complex Data Processing in Medical Informatics , University Medical Center Mannheim , Mannheim , DE

7 Universities of Giessen and Marburg Lung Center , German Center for Lung Research , Justus-Liebig-University , Giessen , DE

8 Institute of Medical Informatics , University Hospital RWTH Aachen , Aachen , DE

9 Institute of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology , Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen , Essen , DE

10 Institute of Medical Informatics , University of Münster , Münster , DE

11 Institute of Medical Informatics , Heidelberg University Hospital , Heidelberg , DE

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