Published on in Vol 23, No 3 (2021): March

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at https://preprints.jmir.org/preprint/22219, first published .
Isaac S Kohane 1, MD, PhD;  Bruce J Aronow 2, PhD;  Paul Avillach 1, MD, PhD;  Brett K Beaulieu-Jones 1, PhD;  Riccardo Bellazzi 3, 4, PhD;  Robert L Bradford 5, BSc;  Gabriel A Brat 1, MD, MPH;  Mario Cannataro 6, 7, MS;  James J Cimino 8, MD;  Noelia García-Barrio 9, MS;  Nils Gehlenborg 1, PhD;  Marzyeh Ghassemi 10, PhD;  Alba Gutiérrez-Sacristán 1, PhD;  David A Hanauer 11, MS, MD;  John H Holmes 12, PhD;  Chuan Hong 1, PhD;  Jeffrey G Klann 13, 14, PhD;  Ne Hooi Will Loh 15, MBBS, FRCA, FFICM, EDIC;  Yuan Luo 16, PhD;  Kenneth D Mandl 17, MPH, MD;  Mohamad Daniar 18, MSIS;  Jason H Moore 19, PhD;  Shawn N Murphy 1, 20, MD, PhD;  Antoine Neuraz 21, 22, MD;  Kee Yuan Ngiam 15, MBBS, MRCS, MMed;  Gilbert S Omenn 23, MD, PhD;  Nathan Palmer 1, PhD;  Lav P Patel 24, MS;  Miguel Pedrera-Jiménez 9, MS;  Piotr Sliz 17, PhD;  Andrew M South 25, MS, MD;  Amelia Li Min Tan 1, 26, BSc, PhD;  Deanne M Taylor 27, 28, PhD;  Bradley W Taylor 29, MS;  Carlo Torti 7, MD;  Andrew K Vallejos 29, MS;  Kavishwar B Wagholikar 13, 14, MBBS, PhD;   The Consortium For Clinical Characterization Of COVID-19 By EHR (4CE) 30;  Griffin M Weber 1*, MD, PhD;  Tianxi Cai 1*, SCD

1 Department of Biomedical Informatics, Harvard Medical School , Boston, MA, US

2 Biomedical Informatics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, US

3 Department of Electrical, Computer and Biomedical Engineering, University of Pavia , Pavia , IT

4 ICS Maugeri , Pavia , IT

5 North Carolina Translational and Clinical Sciences Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill, NC, US

6 Data Analytics Research Center, University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro , Catanzaro , IT

7 Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro , Catanzaro , IT

8 Informatics Institute, University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham, AL, US

9 Department of Informatics, 12 de Octubre University Hospital , Madrid , ES

10 Department of Computer Science and Medicine, University of Toronto , Toronto, ON, CA

11 Department of Learning Health Sciences, University of Michigan Medical School , Ann Arbor, MI, US

12 Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, US

13 Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School , Boston, MA, US

14 Laboratory of Computer Science, Massachusetts General Hospital , Boston, MA, US

15 National University Health Systems , Singapore , SG

16 Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University , Chicago, IL, US

17 Computational Health Informatics Program, Boston Children's Hospital , Boston, MA, US

18 Clinical Research Informatics, Boston Children's Hospital , Boston, MA, US

19 Institute for Biomedical Informatics, University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, PA, US

20 Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital , Boston, MA, US

21 Department of Biomedical Informatics, Necker-Enfant Malades Hospital, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris , FR

22 Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, INSERM UMRS 1138 Team 22, Université de Paris, Paris , FR

23 Department of Computational Medicine & Bioinformatics, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, MI, US

24 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Informatics, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, US

25 Section of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, Brenner Children's Hospital, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, US

26 Department of Biomedical Informatics, National University of Singapore , Singapore , SG

27 Department of Biomedical and Health Informatics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia , Philadelphia, PA, US

28 Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, US

29 Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee, WI, US

30 See Acknowledgments , Boston, MA, US

*these authors contributed equally

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