Published on in Vol 22 , No 11 (2020) :November

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published .
COVID-19 and the Gendered Use of Emojis on Twitter: Infodemiology Study

COVID-19 and the Gendered Use of Emojis on Twitter: Infodemiology Study

COVID-19 and the Gendered Use of Emojis on Twitter: Infodemiology Study


  1. Tsao S, Chen H, Tisseverasinghe T, Yang Y, Li L, Butt Z. What social media told us in the time of COVID-19: a scoping review. The Lancet Digital Health 2021;3(3):e175 View
  2. Griffith J, Marani H, Monkman H. COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy in Canada: Content Analysis of Tweets Using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2021;23(4):e26874 View
  3. Adikari A, Nawaratne R, De Silva D, Ranasinghe S, Alahakoon O, Alahakoon D. Emotions of COVID-19: Content Analysis of Self-Reported Information Using Artificial Intelligence. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2021;23(4):e27341 View
  4. Al-Rawi A, Siddiqi M, Li X, Vandan N, Grepin K. A thematic analysis of Instagram’s gendered memes on COVID-19. Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine 2021;44(4):137 View
  5. Mladenović D, Koštiál K, Ljepava N, Částek O, Chawla Y. Emojis to conversion on social media. International Journal of Consumer Studies 2022 View
  6. Al-Rawi A, Jamieson K. Characterizing the Gendered Twitter Discussion of COVID-19 Hoax. Health Communication 2022:1 View
  7. Al-Rawi A. Telegramming Hate: Far-Right Themes on Dark Social Media. Canadian Journal of Communication 2021;46(4):821 View
  8. Gan C, Feng S, Feng H, Fu K, Davies S, Grépin K, Morgan R, Smith J, Wenham C. #WuhanDiary and #WuhanLockdown: gendered posting patterns and behaviours on Weibo during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMJ Global Health 2022;7(4):e008149 View
  9. Usher K, Durkin J, Martin S, Vanderslott S, Vindrola-Padros C, Usher L, Jackson D. Public Sentiment and Discourse on Domestic Violence During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Australia: Analysis of Social Media Posts. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2021;23(10):e29025 View
  10. Szeto M, Barber C, Ranpariya V, Anderson J, Hatch J, Ward J, Aguilera M, Hassan S, Hamp A, Coolman T, Dellavalle R. Emojis and Emoticons in Health Care and Dermatology Communication: Narrative Review. JMIR Dermatology 2022;5(3):e33851 View
  11. Liu C, Tan X, Zhou T, Zhang W, Liu J, Lu X. Emoji use in China: popularity patterns and changes due to COVID-19. Applied Intelligence 2022;52(14):16138 View
  12. Alharbi A, Mahzari M. The pragmatic functions of emojis in Arabic tweets. Frontiers in Psychology 2023;13 View

Books/Policy Documents

  1. Roesch P, Franco C, Bernier W, Othman S. Intelligent Computing. View