Published on in Vol 22, No 5 (2020): May

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published .
Creating COVID-19 Stigma by Referencing the Novel Coronavirus as the “Chinese virus” on Twitter: Quantitative Analysis of Social Media Data

Creating COVID-19 Stigma by Referencing the Novel Coronavirus as the “Chinese virus” on Twitter: Quantitative Analysis of Social Media Data

Creating COVID-19 Stigma by Referencing the Novel Coronavirus as the “Chinese virus” on Twitter: Quantitative Analysis of Social Media Data

Authors of this article:

Henna Budhwani1 Author Orcid Image ;   Ruoyan Sun1 Author Orcid Image


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  127. Noël C, Maiti T, Pereira-Sanchez V, Satake Y, Orsolini L, Durán Avendaño X, Larnaout A, Moussalli Y, Soron T, Kemunto S, Van Ypersele D, Melapi T, Vadivel R. Réponses culturelles à la première vague de la pandémie de COVID-19 dans différentes parties du monde. Cahiers critiques de thérapie familiale et de pratiques de réseaux 2023;n° 70(1):31 View
  128. Pheasant-Kelly F. UK media responses to HIV through the lens of COVID-19: a study of multidirectional memory. Medical Humanities 2023;49(4):735 View
  129. George J, Elayan S, Sykora M, Solter M, Feick R, Hewitt C, Liu Y, Shankardass K. The Role of Social Media in Building Pandemic Resilience in an Urban Community: A Qualitative Case Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2023;20(17):6707 View
  130. Ratcliff J, Andrus T, Miller A, Olowu F, Capellupo J. When Potential Allies and Targets Do (and Do Not) Confront Anti-Asian Prejudice: Reactions to Blatant and Subtle Prejudice During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2023;38(23-24):11890 View
  131. Licht A, Wetzker W, Scholz J, Scherag A, Weis S, Pletz M, Bauer M, Dickmann P, Frey R. Public health risk communication through the lens of a quarantined community: Insights from a coronavirus hotspot in Germany. PLOS ONE 2023;18(10):e0292248 View
  132. Kimura K. “Yellow Perils,” Revived: Exploring Racialized Asian/American Affect and Materiality Through Hate Discourse over the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Hate Studies 2021;17(1) View
  133. Karandikar S, Munshi A, Cho H. “Say something in your language”: Lived experiences of Asian Americans during the COVID‐19 pandemic. Asian Social Work and Policy Review 2024;18(1) View
  134. Lande J, Pillay A, Chandra R, Alam M. Deep learning for COVID-19 topic modelling via Twitter: Alpha, Delta and Omicron. PLOS ONE 2023;18(8):e0288681 View
  135. Wheeler B, Jung S, Hall D, Purohit M, Silva Y. An Analysis of Temporal Trends in Anti-Asian Hate and Counter-Hate on Twitter During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking 2023;26(7):535 View
  136. Dai H, Thiel G, Hafer D. Perceived racism and discrimination and youth substance use in the United States – Intersections with sex and ethnicity. Preventive Medicine 2024;178:107811 View
  137. Claes M, Farooq U, Salman I, Teern A, Isomursu M, Halonen R. Sentiment Analysis of Finnish Twitter Discussions on COVID-19 During the Pandemic. SN Computer Science 2024;5(2) View
  138. Franks A, Nguyen R, Xiao Y, Abbott D. Psychological Distress and Behavioral Vigilance in Response to Minority Stress and Threat among Members of the Asian American and Pacific Islander Community during the COVID-19 Pandemic. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education 2024;14(3):488 View
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  140. Chen R, White F, Deng M, Shi E. The power of words and voices: The role of direct and vicarious contact (text vs. audio modalities) in reducing anti-Chinese prejudice. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations 2024 View
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  142. Sengul K. The (Re)surgence of Sinophobia in the Australian Far-Right: Online Racism, Social Media, and the Weaponization of COVID-19. Journal of Intercultural Studies 2024;45(3):414 View
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Books/Policy Documents

  1. Saarinen T. Higher Education, Language and New Nationalism in Finland. View
  2. Li S, Ito N. Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2021. View
  3. Rzymski P, Mamzer H, Nowicki M. Coronavirus Disease - COVID-19. View
  4. Alsoubai A, Song J, Razi A, Dacre P, Wisniewski P. Social Computing and Social Media: Applications in Marketing, Learning, and Health. View
  5. Williams M, Patel V. Mental Health and Wellness in Healthcare Workers. View
  6. Hu B. Language as a Social Determinant of Health. View
  7. Liu Y, Li D. Translation and Interpreting in the Age of COVID-19. View
  8. Kaushik N, Bhatia M. International Conference on Innovative Computing and Communications. View
  9. Sun D, Benson M. Qualitative Research in Criminology. View
  10. Rafiq M, Ul Moazzam M, Khan M, Rahman A, Shaw R. Pandemic Risk, Response, and Resilience. View
  11. Morgan M, Kulkarni A. Social Computing and Social Media. View
  12. Chatterjee A, Ramraj B. Global Perspectives of COVID-19 Pandemic on Health, Education, and Role of Media. View
  13. Cheung-Blunden V, Yang J, Chun K. Psychosocial Experiences and Adjustment of Migrants. View
  14. De M. Contextualizing Critical Race Theory on Inclusive Education From a Scholar-Practitioner Perspective. View
  15. Stein R, Ometa O. Palgrave Handbook of Science and Health Journalism. View