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Published on 16.11.16 in Vol 18, No 11 (2016): November

This paper is in the following e-collection/theme issue:

    Letter to the Editor

    Response to “Older Cancer Patients’ User Experiences With Web-Based Health Information Tools: A Think-Aloud Study”

    1Imperial College Business School, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

    2Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King’s College London, London, United Kingdom

    Corresponding Author:

    Shyam Ajay Gokani, BSc

    Imperial College Business School

    Imperial College London

    South Kensington campus

    London, SW7 2AZ

    United Kingdom

    Phone: 44 7771960800

    Fax:44 2078237685

    Email: shyam.gokani12@imperial.ac.uk




    Letter

    We read with great interest the paper by Bolle et al that highlights the important determinants of usability and perceived usefulness of Web-based health information among older adults [1]. This paper is both timely and important. Web-based health information is increasingly being seen as an efficient means of patient education; however, the health information needs of older adults are often neglected [2]. Therefore, understanding how to improve Web-based tools for older adults would be hugely beneficial.

    The authors conclude that older cancer patients are able to use cancer information websites and find them useful. However, there are certain clarifications that seem necessary before adopting these findings into common practice.

    Firstly, we note that participants were recruited from PanelCom, a service which recruits cancer patients via email and conducts most studies online [3]. Such patients are likely to be more experienced with Web-based technology than the average older adult and hence have a higher threshold for detecting usability issues.

    Second, when searching for health information, patients tend to first use generic queries in Web search engines as opposed to directly accessing specific medical websites [4,5]. Therefore, the authors’ assessment of the navigational usability of these websites does not accurately reflect the true usage pattern of such websites.

    Finally, it is important to bear in mind that Web-based tools must balance the differing needs of distinct patient groups. For example, increasing the size of text also increases the need for scrolling on a page, an issue which 9% of participants objected to. Hence recommendations that enhance the ability to personalize Web-based tools are preferred over generalized recommendations.

    Notwithstanding these considerations, it is clear that factors such as the content delivered, readability, and the use of multimedia all influence the likelihood of the use of Web-based information tools by older adults. Other factors that might determine perceived usefulness also include the currency, authorship, and bias contained within health care information, all of which could be potential avenues for future research. Furthermore, although the authors touch upon the importance of interpersonal communication with physicians together with Web-based tools, the true value of integrating the tools within the patient consultation could also be further explored. Health care professionals are well placed to point patients using the Internet in the right direction and help them to identify relevant data amid an “information overload.” There is also evidence to suggest that the recommendation of Web-based tools by a physician increases perceived usefulness and compliance [6,7].

    In light of these findings, there is still a need for good quality Web-based health information that considers the requirements of older adults. This study is valuable to help elucidate the path to developing useful informational tools for such a group of patients. Although some areas of clarification exist, the authors clearly make a unique contribution to a field in which there is a dearth of existing literature. Future designers of Web-based information tools would do well in considering the pertinent factors identified, in addition to others that have not been completely explored in the past.

    Conflicts of Interest

    None declared.

    References

    1. Bolle S, Romijn G, Smets EM, Loos EF, Kunneman M, van Weert JC. Older cancer patients’ user experiences with web-based health information tools: a think-aloud study. J Med Internet Res 2016;18(7):e208 [FREE Full text] [CrossRef] [Medline]
    2. Findley A. Low health literacy and older adults: meanings, problems, and recommendations for social work. Soc Work Health Care 2015;54(1):65-81. [CrossRef] [Medline]
    3. Healthcommunication. Wat is PanelCom?   URL: http://www.healthcommunication.nl/panelcom/wat-is-panelcom/ [accessed 2016-09-04] [WebCite Cache]
    4. Eysenbach G, Köhler C. How do consumers search for and appraise health information on the world wide web? Qualitative study using focus groups, usability tests, and in-depth interviews. BMJ 2002 Mar 9;324(7337):573-577 [FREE Full text] [Medline]
    5. Sillence E, Briggs P, Fishwick L, Harris P. Trust and mistrust of online health sites. 2004 Presented at: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Presented at: New York, NY; p. 663-670.
    6. Paolino L, Genser L, Fritsch S, De' AN, Azoulay D, Lazzati A. The web-surfing bariatic patient: the role of the internet in the decision-making process. Obes Surg 2015 Apr;25(4):738-743. [CrossRef] [Medline]
    7. Makar B, Quilliot D, Zarnegar R, Levan T, Ayav A, Bresler L, et al. What is the quality of information about bariatric surgery on the internet? Obes Surg 2008 Nov;18(11):1455-1459. [CrossRef] [Medline]

    Edited by L Fernandez-Luque; submitted 04.09.16; peer-reviewed by M Isomursu; accepted 16.09.16; published 16.11.16

    ©Shyam Ajay Gokani, Georgina Kerry, Ekta Sharma, Javier Ash, Alexander Kamiar Zargaran, Dara Shalini Rasasingam, Aaina Mittal. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 16.11.2016.

    This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on http://www.jmir.org/, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.