Published on in Vol 13, No 4 (2011): Oct-Dec

Methodological Issues in Internet-Mediated Research: A Randomized Comparison of Internet Versus Mailed Questionnaires

Methodological Issues in Internet-Mediated Research: A Randomized Comparison of Internet Versus Mailed Questionnaires

Methodological Issues in Internet-Mediated Research: A Randomized Comparison of Internet Versus Mailed Questionnaires

Authors of this article:

Lisa Whitehead1


  1. van Ballegooijen W, Riper H, Donker T, Martin Abello K, Marks I, Cuijpers P, Laks J. Single-Item Screening for Agoraphobic Symptoms: Validation of a Web-Based Audiovisual Screening Instrument. PLoS ONE 2012;7(7):e38480 View
  2. Millar M, Elena J, Gallicchio L, Edwards S, Carter M, Herget K, Sweeney C. The feasibility of web surveys for obtaining patient-reported outcomes from cancer survivors: a randomized experiment comparing survey modes and brochure enclosures. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2019;19(1) View
  3. Guo Y, Kopec J, Cibere J, Li L, Goldsmith C. Population Survey Features and Response Rates: A Randomized Experiment. American Journal of Public Health 2016;106(8):1422 View
  4. Weigold A, Weigold I, Natera S. Response Rates for Surveys Completed With Paper-and-Pencil and Computers: Using Meta-Analysis to Assess Equivalence. Social Science Computer Review 2019;37(5):649 View
  5. Khazaal Y, van Singer M, Chatton A, Achab S, Zullino D, Rothen S, Khan R, Billieux J, Thorens G. Does Self-Selection Affect Samples’ Representativeness in Online Surveys? An Investigation in Online Video Game Research. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2014;16(7):e164 View
  6. Alley S, Jennings C, Plotnikoff R, Vandelanotte C. Web-Based Video-Coaching to Assist an Automated Computer-Tailored Physical Activity Intervention for Inactive Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2016;18(8):e223 View
  7. Tai X, Smith A, McGeer A, Dubé E, Holness D, Katz K, McGillis Hall L, McNeil S, Powis J, Coleman B. Comparison of response rates on invitation mode of a web-based survey on influenza vaccine adverse events among healthcare workers: a pilot study. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2018;18(1) View
  8. Rutherford C, Costa D, Mercieca-Bebber R, Rice H, Gabb L, King M. Mode of administration does not cause bias in patient-reported outcome results: a meta-analysis. Quality of Life Research 2016;25(3):559 View
  9. Voerman J, Remerie S, Westendorp T, Timman R, Busschbach J, Passchier J, de Klerk C. Effects of a Guided Internet-Delivered Self-Help Intervention for Adolescents With Chronic Pain. The Journal of Pain 2015;16(11):1115 View
  10. Booij J, Zegers M, Evers P, Hendriks M, Delnoij D, Rademakers J. Improving cancer patient care: development of a generic cancer consumer quality index questionnaire for cancer patients. BMC Cancer 2013;13(1) View
  11. van Ballegooijen W, Riper H, Cuijpers P, van Oppen P, Smit J. Validation of online psychometric instruments for common mental health disorders: a systematic review. BMC Psychiatry 2016;16(1) View
  12. Lupattelli A, Ronningen E, Krogsrud S, Nordeng H, Ystrom E. Personality and its relation to the use of alcohol and cigarettes during pregnancy: A multinational study. Journal of Health Psychology 2021;26(9):1293 View
  13. Vennu V, Dahiya S. Awareness and Opinions of Research Professionals on India's New Drug and Clinical Trials Regulations: Protocol for a Cross-Sectional Web-Based Survey Study. JMIR Research Protocols 2020;9(1):e14744 View
  14. White S, Cheng H. Assessing the Effectiveness of One-Hour Instruction Sessions After Hurricane Sandy: A Comparison Study of English 101 Students. Community & Junior College Libraries 2016;22(1-2):31 View
  15. Kumar S, Kumar P, Bhasker B. Interplay between trust, information privacy concerns and behavioural intention of users on online social networks. Behaviour & Information Technology 2018;37(6):622 View
  16. Muehlhausen W, Doll H, Quadri N, Fordham B, O’Donohoe P, Dogar N, Wild D. Equivalence of electronic and paper administration of patient-reported outcome measures: a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies conducted between 2007 and 2013. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2015;13(1) View
  17. McDonald V, Higgins I, Simpson J, Gibson P. The importance of clinical management problems in older people with COPD and asthma: do patients and physicians agree?. Primary Care Respiratory Journal 2011;20(4):389 View
  18. Odalović M, Milanković S, Holst L, Nordeng H, Heitmann K, Tasić L. Pharmacists counselling of pregnant women: Web-based, comparative study between Serbia and Norway. Midwifery 2016;40:79 View
  19. Veerbeek M, Oude Voshaar R, Pot A. Clinicians’ Perspectives on a Web-Based System for Routine Outcome Monitoring in Old-Age Psychiatry in the Netherlands. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2012;14(3):e76 View
  20. Weigold A, Weigold I, Natera S. Mean scores for self-report surveys completed using paper-and-pencil and computers: A meta-analytic test of equivalence. Computers in Human Behavior 2018;86:153 View
  21. KAWAKAMI N, INOUE A, TSUCHIYA M, WATANABE K, IMAMURA K, IIDA M, NISHI D. Construct validity and test-retest reliability of the World Mental Health Japan version of the World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire Short Version: a preliminary study. Industrial Health 2020;58(4):375 View
  22. Honkoop P, Loijmans R, Termeer E, Snoeck-Stroband J, ter Riet G, Schermer T, Sont J. Comparison between an online self-administered and an interviewer-administered version of the Asthma Control Questionnaire: a cross-sectional validation study. Primary Care Respiratory Journal 2013;22(3):284 View
  23. Hirsch O, Hauschild F, Schmidt M, Baum E, Christiansen H. Comparison of Web-Based and Paper-Based Administration of ADHD Questionnaires for Adults. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2013;15(3):e47 View
  24. Laundy Frisenstam K, van den Bosch M, Chen Y, Friberg P, Osika W. Self-Reported Psychosomatic Complaints In Swedish Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults Living in Rural and Urban Areas: An Internet-Based Survey. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance 2017;3(1):e9 View
  25. Heller H, van Straten A, de Groot C, Honig A. The (cost) effectiveness of an online intervention for pregnant women with affective symptoms: protocol of a randomised controlled trial. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014;14(1) View
  26. Khazaal Y, Chatton A, Monney G, Nallet A, Khan R, Zullino D, Etter J. Internal consistency and measurement equivalence of the cannabis screening questions on the paper-and-pencil face-to-face ASSIST versus the online instrument. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 2015;10(1) View
  27. Heller H, Hoogendoorn A, Honig A, Broekman B, van Straten A. The Effectiveness of a Guided Internet-Based Tool for the Treatment of Depression and Anxiety in Pregnancy (MamaKits Online): Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2020;22(3):e15172 View
  28. van Mierlo T, Li X, Hyatt D, Ching A. Demographic and Indication-Specific Characteristics Have Limited Association With Social Network Engagement: Evidence From 24,954 Members of Four Health Care Support Groups. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2017;19(2):e40 View
  29. Smits A, Ouden L, Jonkergouw A, Deunk J, Bloemers F. Posterior implant removal in patients with thoracolumbar spine fractures: long-term results. European Spine Journal 2017;26(5):1525 View
  30. Udtha M, Nomie K, Yu E, Sanner J. Novel and Emerging Strategies for Longitudinal Data Collection. Journal of Nursing Scholarship 2015;47(2):152 View
  31. McCloud T, Jones R, Lewis G, Bell V, Tsakanikos E. Effectiveness of a Mobile App Intervention for Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in University Students: Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2020;8(7):e15418 View
  32. Patalay P, Deighton J, Fonagy P, Wolpert M. Equivalence of Paper and Computer Formats of a Child Self-Report Mental Health Measure. European Journal of Psychological Assessment 2015;31(1):54 View
  33. Horevoorts N, Vissers P, Mols F, Thong M, van de Poll-Franse L. Response Rates for Patient-Reported Outcomes Using Web-Based Versus Paper Questionnaires: Comparison of Two Invitational Methods in Older Colorectal Cancer Patients. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2015;17(5):e111 View
  34. Patalay P, Hayes D, Deighton J, Wolpert M. A Comparison of Paper and Computer Administered Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2016;38(2):242 View
  35. Heitmann K, Solheimsnes A, Havnen G, Nordeng H, Holst L. Treatment of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy —a cross-sectional study among 712 Norwegian women. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2016;72(5):593 View
  36. Heitmann K, Nordeng H, Havnen G, Solheimsnes A, Holst L. The burden of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy: severe impacts on quality of life, daily life functioning and willingness to become pregnant again – results from a cross-sectional study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017;17(1) View
  37. Lupattelli A, Picinardi M, Cantarutti A, Nordeng H. Use and Intentional Avoidance of Prescribed Medications in Pregnancy: A Cross-Sectional, Web-Based Study among 926 Women in Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2020;17(11):3830 View
  38. Kleinknecht-Dolf M, Frei I, Spichiger E, Müller M, Martin J, Spirig R. Moral distress in nurses at an acute care hospital in Switzerland. Nursing Ethics 2015;22(1):77 View
  39. White M, Maher S, Rizio A, Bjorner J. A meta-analytic review of measurement equivalence study findings of the SF-36® and SF-12® Health Surveys across electronic modes compared to paper administration. Quality of Life Research 2018;27(7):1757 View
  40. Bernstein M, Walker J, Sexton K, Katz A, Beatie B. Gathering Opinions on Depression Information Needs and Preferences: Samples and Opinions in Clinic Versus Web-Based Surveys. JMIR Mental Health 2017;4(2):e13 View
  41. Hamann C, Schultze-Lutter F, Tarokh L. Web-Based Assessment of Mental Well-Being in Early Adolescence: A Reliability Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2016;18(6):e138 View
  42. Craig B, Hays R, Pickard A, Cella D, Revicki D, Reeve B. Comparison of US Panel Vendors for Online Surveys. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2013;15(11):e260 View
  43. Tanaka M, Tayama J, Arimura T. Factor structure of the Body Image Concern Inventory in a Japanese sample. Body Image 2015;13:18 View
  44. Alfonsson S, Maathz P, Hursti T. Interformat Reliability of Digital Psychiatric Self-Report Questionnaires: A Systematic Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2014;16(12):e268 View
  45. Tanaka M, Saito M, Takahashi M, Adachi M, Nakamura K. Interformat Reliability of Web-Based Parent-Rated Questionnaires for Assessing Neurodevelopmental Disorders Among Preschoolers: Cross-sectional Community Study. JMIR Pediatrics and Parenting 2021;4(1):e20172 View
  46. Weigold A, Weigold I, Dykema S, Drakeford N, Martin-Wagar C. Computerized Device Equivalence: A Comparison of Surveys Completed Using A Smartphone, Tablet, Desktop Computer, and Paper-and-Pencil. International Journal of Human–Computer Interaction 2021;37(8):803 View
  47. Gorrasi I, Ferraris C, Degan R, Daga G, Bo S, Tagliabue A, Guglielmetti M, Roppolo M, Gilli G, Maran D, Carraro E. Use of online and paper-and-pencil questionnaires to assess the distribution of orthorexia nervosa, muscle dysmorphia and eating disorders among university students: can different approaches lead to different results?. Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity 2022;27(3):989 View
  48. Heller H, Draisma S, Honig A. Construct Validity and Responsiveness of Instruments Measuring Depression and Anxiety in Pregnancy: A Comparison of EPDS, HADS-A and CES-D. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2022;19(13):7563 View
  49. Ainembabazi P, Castelnuovo B, Okoboi S, Arinaitwe W, Parkes-Ratanshi R, Byakika-Kibwika P. A situation analysis of competences of research ethics committee members regarding review of research protocols with complex and emerging study designs in Uganda. BMC Medical Ethics 2021;22(1) View
  50. Jamieson Gilmore K, Bonciani M, Vainieri M. A Comparison of Census and Cohort Sampling Models for the Longitudinal Collection of User-Reported Data in the Maternity Care Pathway: Mixed Methods Study. JMIR Medical Informatics 2022;10(3):e25477 View
  51. Batista S, Ginani V, Stedefeldt E, Nakano E, Botelho R. Reproducibility and Validity of a Self-Administered Food Safety Assessment Tool on Children and Adolescent’s Risk Perception, Knowledge, and Practices. Nutrients 2023;15(1):213 View
  52. Robey N, Dickter C. Internet‐based cultural competence training for White undergraduate students at a predominantly White university. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 2022;52(9):837 View
  53. Howren A, Avina‐Zubieta J, Puyat J, Da Costa D, Xie H, Davidson E, Rebić N, Gastonguay L, Dau H, De Vera M. Impact of Loneliness and Social Isolation on Mental Health Outcomes Among Individuals With Rheumatic Diseases During the COVID‐19 Pandemic. ACR Open Rheumatology 2023;5(5):243 View
  54. Takeda S, Fukuzaki T. Development of the Workplace Interpersonal Problems Scale for Care Workers (WIPS) and examination of its reliability and validity. Heliyon 2023;9(9):e20156 View
  55. Edwards P, Roberts I, Clarke M, DiGuiseppi C, Woolf B, Perkins C. Methods to increase response to postal and electronic questionnaires. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2023;2023(11) View

Books/Policy Documents

  1. Momtahan K. Introduction to Nursing Informatics. View
  2. Goularte J, Rosa A. Digital Mental Health. View