Published on in Vol 8, No 4 (2006):

Does the Quality of the Working Alliance Predict Treatment Outcome in Online Psychotherapy for Traumatized Patients?

Does the Quality of the Working Alliance Predict Treatment Outcome in Online Psychotherapy for Traumatized Patients?

Does the Quality of the Working Alliance Predict Treatment Outcome in Online Psychotherapy for Traumatized Patients?

Authors of this article:

Christine Knaevelsrud ;   Andreas Maercker


  1. Carter W, Fergus K, Ahmad S, McLeod D, Stephen J. Defining the Role of the Online Therapeutic Facilitator: Principles and Guidelines Developed for Couplelinks, an Online Support Program for Couples Affected by Breast Cancer. JMIR Cancer 2015;1(1):e4 View
  2. Fahlgren M, Berman M, McCloskey M. The role of therapeutic alliance in therapy for adults with problematic aggression and associated disorders. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy 2020;27(6):858 View
  3. Cariola L. Assessing the Alternate-Form Reliability of Interview-Based and Web-Based Rorschach Responses Measuring Body Boundary Imagery and Regressive Imagery. Rorschachiana 2014;35(1):42 View
  4. Schuster R, Berger T, Laireiter A. Computer und Psychotherapie – geht das zusammen?. Psychotherapeut 2018;63(4):271 View
  5. Riper H, Kramer J, Keuken M, Smit F, Schippers G, Cuijpers P. Predicting Successful Treatment Outcome of Web-Based Self-help for Problem Drinkers: Secondary Analysis From a Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2008;10(4):e46 View
  6. Rini C, Porter L, Somers T, McKee D, Keefe F. Retaining Critical Therapeutic Elements of Behavioral Interventions Translated For Delivery via the Internet: Recommendations and an Example Using Pain Coping Skills Training. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2014;16(12):e245 View
  7. Pruitt L, Vuletic S, Smolenski D, Wagner A, Luxton D, Gahm G. Predicting post treatment client satisfaction between behavioural activation for depression delivered either in-person or via home-based telehealth. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare 2019;25(8):460 View
  8. Sorbi M, Riper H. e-Health – gezondheidszorg via internet. Psychologie en Gezondheid 2009;37(4):191 View
  10. Melville K, Casey L, Kavanagh D. Dropout from Internet‐based treatment for psychological disorders. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 2010;49(4):455 View
  11. Postel M, de Haan H, De Jong C. E-Therapy for Mental Health Problems: A Systematic Review. Telemedicine and e-Health 2008;14(7):707 View
  12. Berman M, Buckey J, Hull J, Linardatos E, Song S, McLellan R, Hegel M. Feasibility Study of an Interactive Multimedia Electronic Problem Solving Treatment Program for Depression: A Preliminary Uncontrolled Trial. Behavior Therapy 2014;45(3):358 View
  13. Scherer S, Alder J, Gaab J, Berger T, Ihde K, Urech C. Patient satisfaction and psychological well-being after internet-based cognitive behavioral stress management (IB-CBSM) for women with preterm labor: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2016;80:37 View
  14. Wagner B, Horn A, Maercker A. Internet-based versus face-to-face cognitive-behavioral intervention for depression: A randomized controlled non-inferiority trial. Journal of Affective Disorders 2014;152-154:113 View
  15. Apolinário-Hagen J, Kemper J, Stürmer C. Public Acceptability of E-Mental Health Treatment Services for Psychological Problems: A Scoping Review. JMIR Mental Health 2017;4(2):e10 View
  16. Bisseling E, Cillessen L, Spinhoven P, Schellekens M, Compen F, van der Lee M, Speckens A. Development of the Therapeutic Alliance and its Association With Internet-Based Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Distressed Cancer Patients: Secondary Analysis of a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2019;21(10):e14065 View
  17. Preschl B, Maercker A, Wagner B. The working alliance in a randomized controlled trial comparing online with face-to-face cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression. BMC Psychiatry 2011;11(1) View
  18. Gómez Penedo J, Babl A, grosse Holtforth M, Hohagen F, Krieger T, Lutz W, Meyer B, Moritz S, Klein J, Berger T. The Association of Therapeutic Alliance With Long-Term Outcome in a Guided Internet Intervention for Depression: Secondary Analysis From a Randomized Control Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2020;22(3):e15824 View
  19. Gaebel W, Großimlinghaus I, Mucic D, Maercker A, Zielasek J, Kerst A. Epa Guidance on Emental Health Interventions in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (Ptsd). European Psychiatry 2017;41(1):140 View
  20. Paganini S, Lin J, Ebert D, Baumeister H. Internet- und mobilebasierte Intervention bei psychischen Störungen. NeuroTransmitter 2016;27(1):48 View
  21. Richardson T, Stallard P, Velleman S. Computerised Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for the Prevention and Treatment of Depression and Anxiety in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review 2010;13(3):275 View
  22. Ferrell E, Russin S, Grant J. On being a client with posttraumatic stress disorder: Interactions with treatment providers and institutional barriers. Journal of Community Psychology 2021;49(3):791 View
  23. Wagner B, Knaevelsrud C, Maercker A. Internet-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Complicated Grief: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Death Studies 2006;30(5):429 View
  24. Gieselmann A, Pietrowsky R. Treating procrastination chat-based versus face-to-face: An RCT evaluating the role of self-disclosure and perceived counselor's characteristics. Computers in Human Behavior 2016;54:444 View
  25. Hadjistavropoulos H, Pugh N, Hesser H, Andersson G. Therapeutic Alliance in Internet‐Delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Depression or Generalized Anxiety. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy 2017;24(2):451 View
  26. Ellis A, Simiola V, Brown L, Courtois C, Cook J. The role of evidence-based therapy relationships on treatment outcome for adults with trauma: A systematic review. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation 2018;19(2):185 View
  27. Bergman Nordgren L, Carlbring P, Linna E, Andersson G. Role of the Working Alliance on Treatment Outcome in Tailored Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety Disorders: Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial. JMIR Research Protocols 2013;2(1):e4 View
  28. Kaiser J, Hanschmidt F, Kersting A. The association between therapeutic alliance and outcome in internet-based psychological interventions: A meta-analysis. Computers in Human Behavior 2021;114:106512 View
  29. de Bitencourt Machado D, Braga Laskoski P, Trelles Severo C, Margareth Bassols A, Sfoggia A, Kowacs C, Valle Krieger D, Benetti Torres M, Bento Gastaud M, Stella Wellausen R, Pigatto Teche S, Laks Eizirik C. A Psychodynamic Perspective on a Systematic Review of Online Psychotherapy for Adults. British Journal of Psychotherapy 2016;32(1):79 View
  30. Freeman K, Duke D, Harris M. Behavioral Health Care for Adolescents with Poorly Controlled Diabetes via Skype: Does Working Alliance Remain Intact?. Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology 2013;7(3):727 View
  31. Knaevelsrud C, Maercker A. Long-Term Effects of an Internet-Based Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy 2010;39(1):72 View
  32. Cuijpers P, van Straten A, Andersson G. Internet-administered cognitive behavior therapy for health problems: a systematic review. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2008;31(2):169 View
  33. Sucala M, Schnur J, Constantino M, Miller S, Brackman E, Montgomery G. The Therapeutic Relationship in E-Therapy for Mental Health: A Systematic Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2012;14(4):e110 View
  34. Tibubos A, Zwerenz R, Brähler E, Beutel M. Persönlichkeitsdiagnostik in der Online-Psychotherapieforschung. Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie 2018;66(3):169 View
  35. Eichenberg C, Ott R. Klinisch-psychologische Intervention im Internet. Psychotherapeut 2012;57(1):58 View
  36. de Neef M. Cursus negatief zelfbeeld online. GZ - Psychologie 2015;7(3):24 View
  37. Holmes C, Foster V. A Preliminary Comparison Study of Online and Face-to-Face Counseling: Client Perceptions of Three Factors. Journal of Technology in Human Services 2012;30(1):14 View
  38. Meyer B, Bierbrodt J, Schröder J, Berger T, Beevers C, Weiss M, Jacob G, Späth C, Andersson G, Lutz W, Hautzinger M, Löwe B, Rose M, Hohagen F, Caspar F, Greiner W, Moritz S, Klein J. Effects of an Internet intervention (Deprexis) on severe depression symptoms: Randomized controlled trial. Internet Interventions 2015;2(1):48 View
  39. Beintner I, Görlich D, Berger T, Ebert D, Zeiler M, Herrero Camarano R, Waldherr K, Jacobi C. Interrelations between participant and intervention characteristics, process variables and outcomes in online interventions: A protocol for overarching analyses within and across seven clinical trials in ICare. Internet Interventions 2019;16:86 View
  40. Paxling B, Lundgren S, Norman A, Almlöv J, Carlbring P, Cuijpers P, Andersson G. Therapist Behaviours in Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: Analyses of E-Mail Correspondence in the Treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 2013;41(3):280 View
  41. de Zwaan M, Herpertz S, Zipfel S, Tuschen-Caffier B, Friederich H, Schmidt F, Gefeller O, Mayr A, Lam T, Schade-Brittinger C, Hilbert A. INTERBED: internet-based guided self-help for overweight and obese patients with full or subsyndromal binge eating disorder. A multicenter randomized controlled trial. Trials 2012;13(1) View
  42. Wolvers M, Bruggeman-Everts F, Van der Lee M, Van de Schoot R, Vollenbroek-Hutten M. Effectiveness, Mediators, and Effect Predictors of Internet Interventions for Chronic Cancer-Related Fatigue: The Design and an Analysis Plan of a 3-Armed Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols 2015;4(2):e77 View
  43. Ebert D, Van Daele T, Nordgreen T, Karekla M, Compare A, Zarbo C, Brugnera A, Øverland S, Trebbi G, Jensen K, Kaehlke F, Baumeister H. Internet- and Mobile-Based Psychological Interventions: Applications, Efficacy, and Potential for Improving Mental Health. European Psychologist 2018;23(2):167 View
  44. Clarke J, Proudfoot J, Whitton A, Birch M, Boyd M, Parker G, Manicavasagar V, Hadzi-Pavlovic D, Fogarty A. Therapeutic Alliance With a Fully Automated Mobile Phone and Web-Based Intervention: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Mental Health 2016;3(1):e10 View
  45. Berman M, Buckey J, Hull J, Linardatos E, Song S, Cartreine J, McLellan R, Hegel M. WITHDRAWN: Feasibility Study of an Interactive Multimedia Electronic Problem Solving Therapy Program for Depression: A Preliminary Uncontrolled Trial. Behavior Therapy 2013 View
  46. Kiluk B, Serafini K, Frankforter T, Nich C, Carroll K. Only connect: The working alliance in computer-based cognitive behavioral therapy. Behaviour Research and Therapy 2014;63:139 View
  47. Meinlschmidt G, Tegethoff M, Belardi A, Stalujanis E, Oh M, Jung E, Kim H, Yoo S, Lee J. Personalized prediction of smartphone-based psychotherapeutic micro-intervention success using machine learning. Journal of Affective Disorders 2020;264:430 View
  48. Knaevelsrud C, Maercker A. Internet-based treatment for PTSD reduces distress and facilitates the development of a strong therapeutic alliance: a randomized controlled clinical trial. BMC Psychiatry 2007;7(1) View
  49. Jasper K, Weise C, Conrad I, Andersson G, Hiller W, Kleinstäuber M. The working alliance in a randomized controlled trial comparing Internet-based self-help and face-to-face cognitive behavior therapy for chronic tinnitus. Internet Interventions 2014;1(2):49 View
  50. Goldstein F, Glueck D. Developing Rapport and Therapeutic Alliance During Telemental Health Sessions with Children and Adolescents. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology 2016;26(3):204 View
  51. Mire S, Forsyth C, Hanser R. Jail Diversion. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 2007;45(1-2):19 View
  52. Eichenberg C. Psychotherapie und Internet. Psychotherapeut 2011;56(6):468 View
  53. Knaevelsrud C, Brand J, Lange A, Ruwaard J, Wagner B. Web-Based Psychotherapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in War-Traumatized Arab Patients: Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2015;17(3):e71 View
  54. Holmes C, Kozlowski K. A Preliminary Comparison of Online and Face-to-Face Process Groups. Journal of Technology in Human Services 2015;33(3):241 View
  55. Eichenberg C, Aden J. Onlineberatung bei Partnerschaftskonflikten und psychosozialen Krisen. Psychotherapeut 2015;60(1):53 View
  56. Sandoval L, Buckey J, Ainslie R, Tombari M, Stone W, Hegel M. Randomized Controlled Trial of a Computerized Interactive Media-Based Problem Solving Treatment for Depression. Behavior Therapy 2017;48(3):413 View
  57. Gieselmann A, Podleschka C, Rozental A, Pietrowsky R. Communication Formats and Their Impact on Patient Perception and Working Mechanisms: A Mixed-Methods Study of Chat-Based vs. Face-to-Face Psychotherapy for Insomnia. Behavior Therapy 2021;52(2):430 View
  58. Haug T, Nordgreen T, Öst L, Havik O. Self-help treatment of anxiety disorders: A meta-analysis and meta-regression of effects and potential moderators. Clinical Psychology Review 2012;32(5):425 View
  59. Andersson G, Titov N. Advantages and limitations of Internet-based interventions for common mental disorders. World Psychiatry 2014;13(1):4 View
  60. Pihlaja S, Stenberg J, Joutsenniemi K, Mehik H, Ritola V, Joffe G. Therapeutic alliance in guided internet therapy programs for depression and anxiety disorders – A systematic review. Internet Interventions 2018;11:1 View
  61. Schnyder U, McShine R, Kurmann J, Rufer M. Psychotherapie für alle?. Der Nervenarzt 2014;85(12):1529 View
  62. Berger T. The therapeutic alliance in internet interventions: A narrative review and suggestions for future research. Psychotherapy Research 2017;27(5):511 View
  63. Pontén M, Ljótsson B, Jensen K. Shaping placebo analgesic responses on the Internet: a randomized experimental trial. PAIN Reports 2019;4(3):e698 View
  64. Smoktunowicz E, Barak A, Andersson G, Banos R, Berger T, Botella C, Dear B, Donker T, Ebert D, Hadjistavropoulos H, Hodgins D, Kaldo V, Mohr D, Nordgreen T, Powers M, Riper H, Ritterband L, Rozental A, Schueller S, Titov N, Weise C, Carlbring P. Consensus statement on the problem of terminology in psychological interventions using the internet or digital components. Internet Interventions 2020;21:100331 View
  65. Silva J, Siegmund G, Bredemeier J. Crisis interventions in online psychological counseling. Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy 2015;37(4):171 View
  66. Barakat S, Maguire S, Smith K, Mason T, Crosby R, Touyz S. Evaluating the role of digital intervention design in treatment outcomes and adherence to eTherapy programs for eating disorders: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. International Journal of Eating Disorders 2019;52(10):1077 View
  67. Wagner B, Schulz W, Knaevelsrud C. Efficacy of an Internet-based intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder in Iraq: A pilot study. Psychiatry Research 2012;195(1-2):85 View
  68. Holmes N, van Agteren J, Dorstyn D. A systematic review of technology-assisted interventions for co-morbid depression and substance use. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare 2019;25(3):131 View
  69. Choe Y, Kang S, Choi J, Chung H, So H, Jang Y, Kim J, Kim T. Application of Mobile App and Paper Survey of PTSD Checklist in the Elderly Korean Veterans of the Vietnam War. Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association 2015;54(2):236 View
  70. Lewis C, Roberts N, Bethell A, Robertson L, Bisson J. Internet-based cognitive and behavioural therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2018 View
  71. Ruwaard J, Lange A, Bouwman M, Broeksteeg J, Schrieken B. E‐Mailed Standardized Cognitive Behavioural Treatment of Work‐Related Stress: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy 2007;36(3):179 View
  72. Andersson G, Paxling B, Wiwe M, Vernmark K, Felix C, Lundborg L, Furmark T, Cuijpers P, Carlbring P. Therapeutic alliance in guided internet-delivered cognitive behavioural treatment of depression, generalized anxiety disorder and social anxiety disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy 2012;50(9):544 View
  73. Sprick U, Köhne M. Welche Störungen können ambulant (nicht) online behandelt werden?. NeuroTransmitter 2021;32(1-2):40 View
  74. Plasse M. Psychosocial support for providers working high‐risk exposure settings during a pandemic: A critical discussion. Nursing Inquiry 2021;28(4) View
  75. Fromberger P, Schröder S, Bauer L, Siegel B, Tozdan S, Briken P, Buntrock C, Etzler S, Rettenberger M, Leha A, Müller J. @myTabu—A Placebo Controlled Randomized Trial of a Guided Web-Based Intervention for Individuals Who Sexually Abused Children and Individuals Who Consumed Child Sexual Exploitation Material: A Clinical Study Protocol. Frontiers in Psychiatry 2021;11 View
  76. Calero Elvira A, Santacreu Ivars M, Marchena Giráldez C, Shih P. Internet‐based cognitive behavioural therapy programme with and without videoconference guidance sessions: A randomized controlled trial to treat work‐related symptoms of anxiety and depression. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy 2021;28(5):1230 View
  77. Simon N, Robertson L, Lewis C, Roberts N, Bethell A, Dawson S, Bisson J. Internet-based cognitive and behavioural therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2021;2021(5) View
  78. Smith K, Moller N, Cooper M, Gabriel L, Roddy J, Sheehy R. Video counselling and psychotherapy: A critical commentary on the evidence base. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research 2022;22(1):92 View
  79. van Lotringen C, Jeken L, Westerhof G, ten Klooster P, Kelders S, Noordzij M. Responsible Relations: A Systematic Scoping Review of the Therapeutic Alliance in Text-Based Digital Psychotherapy. Frontiers in Digital Health 2021;3 View
  80. Howard R, Berry K, Haddock G. Therapeutic alliance in psychological therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy 2022;29(2):373 View
  81. Apolinario-Hagen J, Tasseit S. Access to Psychotherapy in the Era of Web 2.0 – New Media, Old Inequalities? / Zugang zur Psychotherapie in der Ära des Web 2.0 – Neue Medien, Alte Ungleichheiten?. International Journal of Health Professions 2015;2(2):119 View
  82. Probst G, Berger T, Flückiger C. The Alliance-Outcome Relation in Internet-Based Interventions for Psychological Disorders: A Correlational Meta-Analysis. Verhaltenstherapie 2022;32(Suppl. 1):135 View
  83. O’Donnell L, Brydon D, González-Prendes A. Technological Advances in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Clinical Practice: Challenges in an Evolving Field. American Journal of Psychotherapy 2022;75(4):186 View
  84. Bauer A, Ruglass L, Shevorykin A, Saraiya T, Robinson G, Cadet K, Julien L, Chao T, Hien D. Predictors of therapeutic alliance, treatment feedback, and clinical outcomes among African American women in treatment for co-occurring PTSD and SUD. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 2022;139:108766 View
  85. Moghimi E, Knyahnytska Y, Omrani M, Nikjoo N, Stephenson C, Layzell G, Frederic Simpson A, Alavi N. Benefits of Digital Mental Health Care Interventions for Correctional Workers and Other Public Safety Personnel: A Narrative Review. Frontiers in Psychiatry 2022;13 View
  86. Probst G, Berger T, Flückiger C. Die Allianz als Prädiktor für den Therapieerfolg internetbasierter Interventionen bei psychischen Störungen: Eine korrelative Metaanalyse. Verhaltenstherapie 2019;29(3):182 View
  87. James G, Schröder T, De Boos D. Changing to remote psychological therapy during COVID‐19: Psychological therapists' experience of the working alliance, therapeutic boundaries and work involvement. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice 2022;95(4):970 View
  88. Mercadal Rotger J, Cabré V. Therapeutic Alliance in Online and Face-to-face Psychological Treatment: Comparative Study. JMIR Mental Health 2022;9(5):e36775 View
  89. Domhardt M, Nowak H, Engler S, Baumel A, Grund S, Mayer A, Terhorst Y, Baumeister H. Therapeutic processes in digital interventions for anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analytic structural equation modeling of randomized controlled trials. Clinical Psychology Review 2021;90:102084 View
  90. Hiemeyer R, Berger T, Braun T, Wagner B. Psychotherapists’ rated working alliance in an internet-based intervention for bereaved siblings. Death Studies 2022;46(10):2507 View
  91. . The Effectiveness of Online vs Face-to-Face Psychotherapy During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Psychology and Neuroscience 2023 View
  92. Cavedoni S. Intervento di psicoterapia focale integrata in un caso di disturbo alimentare post-traumatico. RIVISTA SPERIMENTALE DI FRENIATRIA 2023;147(1):159 View
  93. Haller K, Becker P, Niemeyer H, Boettcher J. Who benefits from guided internet-based interventions? A systematic review of predictors and moderators of treatment outcome. Internet Interventions 2023;33:100635 View
  94. Staccini L, Cavadini D, Gravagnuolo R, Olivetti E, Bongiovanni C, Calati R, Madeddu F, Mandelli L, Porcelli S. Passaggio alla psicoterapia online durante la pandemia da Coronavirus (Covid-19): variabili associate alla soddisfazione dei pazienti. Il caso del Centro Medico Santagostino. QUADERNI DI PSICOTERAPIA COGNITIVA 2023;(53):91 View
  95. Yılmaz T, Bekaroğlu E. How are online and face-to-face psychotherapy perceived by clients? A metaphor analysis. Psihologija 2024;57(1):1 View
  96. Moghimi E, Gutierrez G, Stephenson C, Gizzarelli T, Jagayat J, Holmes C, Patel C, Omrani M, Simpson A, Alavi N. Experiences using an online therapist-guided psychotherapy platform (OPTT) in correctional workers with depression, anxiety, and PTSD. Frontiers in Psychiatry 2024;15 View
  97. Kramuschke M, Reinhardt J, Dölemeyer R, Kaiser J, Kersting A. The change of working alliance and the association to treatment outcome in an internet-based therapy after pregnancy loss. BMC Psychology 2024;12(1) View

Books/Policy Documents

  1. Sucala M. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine. View
  2. Turvey C, Myers K. Telemental Health. View
  3. Fishkind A, Cuyler R, Shiekh M, Snodgress M. Handbook of Community Psychiatry. View
  4. . Beratungspsychologie. View
  5. Wilhelm F, Pfaltz M, Wagner B. Lehrbuch der Verhaltenstherapie, Band 1. View
  6. Berger T. Psychotherapie und Würde. View
  7. Ebert D, Harrer M, Apolinário-Hagen J, Baumeister H. Frontiers in Psychiatry. View
  8. Maercker A, Michael T. Lehrbuch der Verhaltenstherapie. View
  9. Glueck D. Telemental Health. View
  10. Richards D, Viganò N. Encyclopedia of Cyber Behavior. View
  11. Wagner B, Lange A. E-Mental-Health. View
  12. Ebert D, Zarski A, Berking M, Baumeister H. eHealth in Deutschland. View
  13. Mokkenstorm J, Huisman A, Kerkhof A, Smit J. Suicide Prevention and New Technologies. View
  14. Andersson G. The Wiley Handbook of Anxiety Disorders. View
  15. Ruwaard J, Lange A. Guided Internet-Based Treatments in Psychiatry. View
  16. Zimmermann C, De Haes H. Communication in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. View
  17. Bauer S, Kordy H. E-Mental-Health. View
  18. Sucala M. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine. View
  19. Hartmann-Strauss S. Videotherapie und Videosupervision. View
  20. Sarpong P. Perspectives in Financial Therapy. View