Published on in Vol 2, No suppl2 (2000): Supplement 2

The Washington Code of e-Health ethics and other ethical codes

The Washington Code of e-Health ethics and other ethical codes

The Washington Code of e-Health ethics and other ethical codes

Authors of this article:

Ahmad Risk


The goal of the e-Health Code of Ethics is to ensure that people worldwide can confidently and with full understanding of known risks realise the potential of the Internet in managing their own health and the health of those in their care. The final e-Health Code of Ethics, presented in this paper, has been prepared as a result of the "e-Health Ethics Summit," which convened in Washington DC on 31 January 2000 - 2 February 2000. The summit, organized by the Internet Healthcare Coalition and hosted by the World Health Organisation/Pan-American Health Organisation (WHO/PAHO), was attended by a panel of about 50 invited experts from all over the world and produced the foundation for a draft code, which was released 18 February for an online public consultation period which ended on 14 April 2000. The final Washington e-Health Code of Ethics sets forth guiding principles under eight main headings: candor; honesty; quality; informed consent; privacy; professionalism in online health care; responsible partnering; and accountability.

J Med Internet Res 2000;2(suppl2):e3


Full paper published as:

Rippen H, Risk A, for the e-Health Ethics Initiative. e-Health Code of Ethics. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2000;2(2):e9.

Edited by G Eysenbach; This is a non–peer-reviewed article. published 13.09.00


Except where otherwise noted, articles published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.