This paper is in the following e-collections/theme issues:

Letters  Medicine 2.0: Social Media, Open, Participatory, Collaborative Medicine 

Advertisement: Preregister now for the Medicine 2.0 Congress

Article Thumbnail
Members can download this full article for Adobe PDF Format.
Membership provides unlimited access to all PDF files.
Or, ask your department head to become an institutional member.

For tax purposes please select your country and if applicable state/province of residence:
Buy Now (Pay-per-download for non-members):
Download Price (USD): $22.00

Letter to the Editor

Online Survey on Twitter: A Urological Experience

Fabrizio Dal Moro, MD

Urology, Department of Surgical, Oncological and Gastroenterological Sciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

Corresponding Author:
Fabrizio Dal Moro, MD

Department of Surgical, Oncological and Gastroenterological Sciences
University of Padova
Via Giustiniani 2
Padova, 35126
Phone: 39 0498212720
Fax: 39 0498218757

Related Articles:

(J Med Internet Res 2013;15(10):e238)


Twitter; social media; survey

After my return from the Annual Congress of the American Urological Association in San Diego (May 3-8, 2013), I would like to congratulate McKendrick et al [1] and Hanson et al [2] on their recent papers on the impact of Twitter, one of the most commonly used social media, in the medical and non-medical fields. In their elegant communications, both groups of authors stressed the role of the Internet and the Web as new methods of publicizing scientific data. Starting from the use of Twitter during a medical conference, McKendrick et al reported their first experience of using social media as support for conference organizers, highlighting the use of a Twitter stream as an integral part of the communication structure of a conference on anesthetics. Hanson et al reported a Twitter-based surveillance method for monitoring public health regarding the use and abuse of a psychostimulant drug, emphasizing the potential role of this social media in collecting data for a survey.

To confirm these findings and encourage the use of these novel tools “to do science”, I would like to share a personal pioneering experiment I carried out during the Annual Congress of the European Association of Urology (March 2013, in Milan) and the recent American Congress in San Diego. During the meetings, I launched an online survey using Twitter, and posted an interactive specific urological question concerning the choice of preferred approach to robotic radical prostatectomy, the most recent and widespread surgical intervention for prostate cancer. The tweet was: “ONLINE-SURVEY: Do you perform ONLY Transperitoneal (T), ONLY Extraperitoneal (E) or BOTH approaches to dVP? (dVP= Da Vinci robotic prostatectomy) ReTweet T, E or TE” (Figure 1).

I used two specific hashtags (#EAU2013 for Milan, and #AUA2013 for San Diego).

In the course of both congresses, I received no fewer than 326 answers. Considering the absolute number of participants (approximately 18,000 in both congresses) the percentage of Tweets received (about 2%) may seem very low, but considering that it was a first "urological" experience, I think it may be significant.

Evaluating the survey results, 81 out of the 326 urologists (24.9% of those who used Twitter and retweeted me their answers!) perform both procedures. In 165 cases (50.6%), the preferred approach to robotic prostatectomy is transperitoneal.

I presented the results of this survey during my podium lecture in San Diego.

Obviously, my study is not a scientific survey without biases, but it did reveal the spread of social media, to the scientific community too.

In my opinion, this simple experiment not only confirms considerations about the use of social media by these authors, but also helps all of us to appreciate the fact that Twitter, like Facebook, Google+, Linkedin and all the other weblinked social tools, is not limited to young people “chatting about love or friends”, but are novel instruments which can be used to even greater scientific advantage. 

[view this figure]
Figure 1. Screenshot of the Tweet.

Conflicts of Interest

None declared. 


  1. McKendrick DR, Cumming GP, Lee AJ. Increased use of Twitter at a medical conference: a report and a review of the educational opportunities. J Med Internet Res 2012;14(6):e176 [FREE Full text] [CrossRef] [Medline]
  2. Hanson CL, Burton SH, Giraud-Carrier C, West JH, Barnes MD, Hansen B. Tweaking and tweeting: exploring Twitter for nonmedical use of a psychostimulant drug (Adderall) among college students. J Med Internet Res 2013;15(4):e62 [FREE Full text] [CrossRef] [Medline]

Edited by G Eysenbach; submitted 15.05.13; peer-reviewed by C Giraud-Carrier, J West; comments to author 06.10.13; revised version received 15.10.13; accepted 22.10.13; published 25.10.13

Please cite as:
Dal Moro F
Online Survey on Twitter: A Urological Experience
J Med Internet Res 2013;15(10):e238
doi: 10.2196/jmir.2719
PMID: 24164710

Export Metadata:
END, compatible with Endnote
BibTeX, compatible with BibDesk, LaTeX
RIS, compatible with RefMan, Procite, Endnote, RefWorks

Add this article to your Mendeley library
Add this article to your CiteULike library


©Fabrizio Dal Moro. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (, 25.10.2013.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.