Currently submitted to: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Date Submitted: Oct 6, 2020
Open Peer Review Period: Oct 6, 2020 - Dec 1, 2020
(currently open for review)
Antecedents of individuals concerns regarding hygiene in hospitals and the decision to postpone surgeries due to COVID-19: Results from a cross-sectional online-survey in Germany
The COVID-19 pandemic poses a major challenge to our everyday lives. Especially in the context of hospitalization, it can be expected to have a strong influence on affective reactions and preventive behavior. Research is needed to develop evidence-driven strategies to cope with this challenging situation. To this end, the present survey investigates the effect of personality traits, risk taking behavior, and anxiety on affective reactions and anticipated behavior in the medical context during the COVID-19 pandemic
The aim of this study was to identify key factors associated with individuals concerns regarding hygiene in hospitals and the decision to postpone surgeries
Cross-sectional online survey of N = 929 residents of Germany (n = 792 women; 85.3%) with a mean age of 35.2 years (SD = 12.9). Hypotheses were tested with a saturated path analysis.
A direct effect of anxiety on concerns about safety and hygiene in hospitals and anticipated behavior regarding one`s own non-urgent surgery was found. Risk taking was only associated with anticipated behavior. In addition, most personality traits were related neither with concerns about safety and hygiene in hospitals nor with anticipated behavior.
The findings suggest that no distinct interventions or information campaigns is necessary for individuals with different personality traits, or different levels of risk taking behavior. However, we recommend that health care workers when interacting with patients should carefully address anxiety.
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