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Currently submitted to: Journal of Medical Internet Research

Date Submitted: Aug 1, 2020
Open Peer Review Period: Aug 1, 2020 - Sep 26, 2020
(currently open for review)

Warning: This is an author submission that is not peer-reviewed or edited. Preprints - unless they show as "accepted" - should not be relied on to guide clinical practice or health-related behavior and should not be reported in news media as established information.

Development and External Validation of Diagnostic Model for Coronary Microvascular Obstruction: Algorithm Development and Validation

  • Yong Li; 
  • Shuzheng Lyu; 

ABSTRACT

Background:

Prevention of coronary microvascular obstruction /no-reflow phenomenon(CMVO/NR) is a crucial step in improving prognosis of patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI )during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI).

Objective:

The objective of our study was to develop and externally validate a diagnostic model of CMVO/NR in patients with acute STEMI underwent PPCI.

Methods:

Design: Multivariate logistic regression of a cohort of acute STEMI patients. Setting: Emergency department ward of a university hospital. Participants: Diagnostic model development: Totally 1232 acute STEMI patients who were consecutively treated with PPCI from November 2007 to December 2013. External validation: Totally 1301 acute STEMI patients who were treated with PPCI from January 2014 to June 2018. Outcomes: CMVO/NR during PPCI. We used logistic regression analysis to analyze the risk factors of CMVO/NR in the development data set. We developed a diagnostic model of CMVO/NR and constructed a nomogram.We assessed the predictive performance of the diagnostic model in the validation data sets by examining measures of discrimination, calibration, and decision curve analysis (DCA).

Results:

A total of 147 out of 1,232 participants (11.9%) presented CMVO/NR in the development dataset.The strongest predictors of CMVO/NR were age, periprocedural bradycardia, using thrombus aspiration devices during procedure and total occlusion of culprit vessel. Logistic regression analysis showed that the differences between two group with and without CMVO/NR in age( odds ratios (OR)1.031; 95% confidence interval(CI), 1.015 ~1.048 ; P <.001), periprocedural bradycardia (OR 2.151;95% CI,1.472~ 3.143 ; P <.001) , total occlusion of the culprit vessel (OR 1.842;95% CI, 1.095~ 3.1 ; P =.021) , and using thrombus aspirationdevices during procedure (OR 1.631; 95% CI, 1.029~ 2.584 ; P =.037).We developed a diagnostic model of CMVO/NR. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was .6833±.023. We constructed a nomogram. CMVO/NR occurred in 120 out of 1,301 participants (9.2%) in the validation data set. The AUC was .6547±.025. Discrimination, calibration, and DCA were satisfactory. Date of approved by ethic committee:16 May 2019. Date of data collection start: 1 June 2019. Numbers recruited as of submission of the manuscript:2,533.

Conclusions:

We developed and externally validated a diagnostic model of CMVO/NR during PPCI. Clinical Trial: We registered this study with WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform on 16 May 2019. Registration number: ChiCTR1900023213. http://www.chictr.org.cn/edit.aspx?pid=39057&htm=4.


 Citation

Please cite as:

Li Y, Lyu S

Development and External Validation of Diagnostic Model for Coronary Microvascular Obstruction: Algorithm Development and Validation

JMIR Preprints. 01/08/2020:23052

DOI: 10.2196/preprints.23052

URL: https://preprints.jmir.org/preprint/23052

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