Currently submitted to: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Date Submitted: Jan 2, 2020
Open Peer Review Period: Jan 2, 2020 - Feb 21, 2020
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The effectiveness of a web-based psycho-education program in a community in Selangor, Malaysia: A randomized controlled trial
Background Mental health problems namely depression and anxiety are the most common problems in the community. Often patients do not seek professional care due to the stigma attached to it.
The study aimed to determine the effectiveness of a web-based psycho-education program in managing mild depression and anxiety. Methods
A two-arm randomized controlled trial of a single blinded, parallel study comparing a four weeks of web-based psycho-education intervention program versus a wait list control group was carried out. The intervention program consisted of four sessions, with each session accessed on a weekly basis. Participants aged 18 years and above, who have participated in the first phase of this study, having access to internet and who are internet literate were invited to participate in the study. By using a random number table, 119 eligible and consented participants were randomly assigned to either the intervention or the control group using random number table. The primary outcomes were depression and anxiety score while the secondary outcome was mental health literacy score, which were all assessed at baseline, week 5 and week 12. Analysis was based on intention to treat analysis.
Significant difference in the mental health literacy score between the intervention and the control group was observed, F (1,117) = 20.149, p<0.001, n2=0.142. No significant difference was found in the depression (p= 0.361) and anxiety scores (p= 0.797).
The psycho-education intervention was effective in increasing the mental health literacy of the participants. Clinical Trial: The trial is registered in International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial, ISRCTN 39656144.
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